Open access
e-ISSN: 2979-9619

Home Submission guidelines

Please read these notes carefully. Ensuring that you have complied with all the requirements for submission of articles will help to ensure that we can consider your work quickly and give you a prompt decision. Indeed, only submissions that conform to the guidelines and that include all required components (e.g. practitioner notes, keywords and open access statements) can be sent out for peer review.

Preparing your article



The abstract should be no more than 300 words.


There is no word limit for the full-text.

Title page

The title page is edited as a separate file. Please use the following document (Title page template) and the styles defined in it.


Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations where possible.

Author names and affiliations

Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.

Author ORCID IDs

Please indicate the ORCID ID(s) of each author.

Corresponding author

Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.


Each article should include an informative, comprehensive abstract. Abstract should succinctly summarize the major points of the paper, highlight the salient points, as well as conclusions and implications in a brief fashion.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using British or American spelling, but not a mixture of these, and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and”, “of”). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Article structure

The full text page is edited as a separate file. No information about the authors should be included in the article or in the full text file name. It should be completely blind. Please use the following document (Full text template) and the styles defined in it.


Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations where possible.

Subdivision – numbered sections

Subsections shouldn’t be numbered. 


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods

Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.


Results should be clear and concise.


This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.



This reference guide details methods for citing and formatting reference entries in accordance with principles established by the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition (2020).


References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., placed after the year of publication.


Acknowledgments or appreciation to individuals for assistance with the manuscript or with the material reported should be included in the Acknowledgment section at the end of the article.

In order to maintain the integrity of the double blind peer review process, acknowledgements should not be included in the main article file, and will not be sent to reviewers. Acknowledgements should instead be uploaded as a separate file, and clearly labelled as such. Use the acknowledgements section to identify and thank those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.), but who are not co-authors.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received (Excel or PowerPoint files will appear as such online). Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file. Do not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please switch off the ‘Track Changes’ option in Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published version.

Similarity report

The similarity report from iThenticate or Turnitin may be uploaded (as .pdf file). In the similarity report, the number of excluded words should not be more than 5 words and the similarity rate should not be more than 15%.

If no similarity report is uploaded by the author, the similarity report will be checked by the editor using iThenticate.


Submit your manuscript in .doc (docx) format. Do not use any word processing options/tools, such as–strike through, hidden text, comments, merges, and so forth.


This journal accepts submissions for publication in English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). The articles submitted to the journal should have a plain and clear language quality and should be consistent with the scientific literature and English language rules. Articles should be written fluently and free of foreign words.

All reference titles from other languages should be in English and should be accompanied by its original reference title in any other language. An English translation of the title (for titles and journal names) should be displayed in “[ ]” if without the original English title and/or journal names.

Declaration of interest

Author/s declare that: Author/s declare presence of Ethics Statements that needed for ethical conduct of research using human subjects. Otherwise, they provide the necessary documents.

Conflict of interest

They have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This study does not contain any studies with human participants and/or animals performed by any of the authors.

Submission checklist

One Author designated as corresponding Author
• Affiliation
• E-mail address

All necessary files have been uploaded
• Keywords
• All figure captions
• All tables (including title, description, footnotes)

Further considerations
• Manuscript has been “spellchecked” and “grammar-checked”
• References are in the correct format for this journal
• All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)